Novethic: 173 shades of reporting – Season III focuses on climate
Novethic publishes the third edition of its analysis of the climate and ESG reports of the main French institutional investors representing €2,300 billion in assets. It provides a quantified assessment of the contribution of Article 173 of the Law on Energy and Ecological Transition, particularly on the measurement of the impact of climate risks on investments, and the volume of green financing.
The gap is widening between the committed and the wait-and-see’ers!
For fiscal year 2018, Novethic found "only" 72 reports called "173 report", one less than for fiscal year 2017. In this sector, which is undergoing a major reorganisation, it can be seen year after year that more than a quarter of the 100 largest French institutional investors are passively resisting this reporting exercise.
The TCFD guidelines provide an effective framework for managing climate risks
The third edition of our study focuses on the analysis of climate risk reporting. It emphasizes on 18 investors with the most advanced climate policy and who declare that they use the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) framework. Novethic screened their reports to get a clear picture of the level of ownership. This in-depth analysis made it possible to establish a scoring of reports on each of the four pillars of the TCFD: governance, strategy, risk management and metrics & targets.
This first analysis shows that the 5 most committed institutional investors are starting to strategically manage climate risks.
The carbon footprint is becoming more sophisticated
68% of assets under management (AuM), most of which is invested in equities and bonds, are now covered by the calculation of a carbon footprint or intensity, which consists of assessing the level of greenhouse gas emissions from assets in portfolios (companies, governments, infrastructure). That's ten points more than last year. An increasing number of players are even setting reduction targets, most of which involve selecting companies with the lowest carbon emissions.
The multiplication of indicators to measure the environmental impact of portfolio assets, whether positive or negative, makes it very difficult to compare them. We find most often:
Transition scores or "TEE rating", which are used by about fifteen investors;
The evaluation of the portfolio's carbon reserves, carried out by 7 investors, which outlines the risks of potential devaluation of fossil fuel assets;
The calculation of avoided emissions, with a still unclear methodological framework, which is carried out by 4 investors.
The brown share: an emerging concept
The quantitative survey carried out by Novethic highlighted the emergence of the analysis of the brown share of portfolios. 35 investors take part in the exercise on 55% of their AuM.
This is a signal of the efficiency of the campaigns conducted by NGOs
with the financial sector to stop financing coal and, more generally, fossil fuels, their goal being to redirect the divested financial flows towards the green economy.
The green part is taking shape
In one year, we have gone from 1.07 to 1.41% of the AuM in the panel studied by Novethic dedicated to green financing. This is an encouraging development, especially as about ten investors are even setting targets for increasing their green investment volumes.
Nevertheless, this result must be nuanced since the increase of 8.6 billion euros in green financing was mainly devoted to the purchase of green bonds issued by governments, supranational organisations or large companies. However, according to the annual study published by I4CE, there is still a shortfall of 15 to 18 billion euros each year in France to finance the energy transition and the necessary equipment (thermal renovation of buildings, charging stations for electric cars, etc.).